By Dennis - Comments: 3

Last Updated on October 22, 2021

blog banner google responsive search ads

An essential part of Google Search campaigns are your text ads.

Google used to have a number of different text ad formats you could choose from, but today, responsive search ads are the default option.

So in this article, we’ll explore what a responsive search ad is, how to set them up correctly and what you can do to get the best possible results from them.

What are Responsive Search Ads?

Responsive search ads (or RSAs) are the default ad format for Google Search Ads. They first came out in 2018 as an alternative to Expanded Text Ads, and have today almost completely replaced them.

In contrast to expanded text ads, RSAs allow you to add a lot more headlines and descriptions to your ad. Then, with the help of machine learning, Google analyzes these assets to figure out which combinations perform best.

This setup has made it a lot easier to manage ads, as you no longer have to do all the heavy lifting. You just need to supply the assets, and Google will take care of the rest.

But as you might expect, this ease of use comes at a price. 😬

How do responsive search ads work?

The effectiveness of RSAs relies on the assets you provide. This means that if you add higher quality headlines and descriptions, your ads are much more versatile and better suited for Google’s wide audience.

Here’s how the process works in a nutshell:

  1. Google Ads lets you input up to 15 headlines and 4 descriptions for each RSA.
  2. The system will put together these assets into unique ad combinations.
  3. Google will test and learn the most effective ad combination for a variety of situations.

Downsides of responsive search ads

Like I said before, Google might tell advertisers that it’s great to move from Expanded text Ads to Responsive Search Ads. But in reality, there are quite a few downsides to using RSAs.

  1. Less control. Since ad combinations are managed by Google’s algorithm, you don’t have control over what the ads will actually look like.

That means Google might start showing combinations that are less than ideal.

  1. Lack of transparency. Another downside of RSAs is the lack of insight on the ad combination OR the performance of each asset.

Yes, Google finds out the combination of assets that work well, but it fails to provide you with enough metrics and results to understand how each version of the ad performs.

Text Ads have always been a good place to A/B test taglines or unique value propositions to see which ones work better.

Now, because of the limited insights into the performance of each asset in RSAs, it’s close to impossible to figure out which ones perform best.

Benefits of responsive search ads

So it’s clear that this change is less than ideal for advertisers that like to have control over their ads.

But are there some benefits of using responsive search ads?

  1. Ease of use. Instead of having to carefully craft each Google Ad to perfection, RSAs put less pressure on writing out each ad. All you need to do is provide the highest quality inputs you can. That means including the right keywords, USPs and CTAs.
  2. Leverage Automation. Unlike expanded text ads, you lose the exact control over how an ad shows up, but Google might be able to adapt the ad in a way you wouldn’t be able to manually.

Like showing different combinations to people browsing from specific, mobile devices, locations, or times of the day.

It’s hard to know if this really is a benefit or just the Google Ads AI PR machine. But RSAs are the future, so we’ll probably just need to take a leap of faith and trust Google.

Responsive Search Ads Taking Over From Expanded Text ads

Google recently announced that they would be phasing out Expanded text Ads.

Starting June 30, 2022, you’ll no longer be able to create or edit expanded text ads.

deadline expanded text ads 30 June 2022

But if you’d still like to use Expanded Text Ads even after that deadline, I’ll share a hack later in the article!

How to create responsive search ads

To create a responsive search ad, click the Ads & extensions drop-down button located at the side navigation and click Ads.

how to create responsive search advertisements RSAs

There, you’ll see a blue floating action button. Click it to see additional options.

Using RSAs to get better Google Advertisement Campaign results

From the list, click the Responsive search ad option.

Choose between what type of ad you want to set up

A window will appear asking you to select the ad group for which you intend to create the RSA. Simply click your desired campaign and ad group from the list.

Choose the advertisement group you want to create for the RSA

Once clicked, you will be redirected to the New responsive search ad page. It’s here where you will define the details of your RSA.

How to keep using Expanded Text Ads (until June 2022)

If you want to revert to the older ad format, you can click the Use expanded text ads instead option. Otherwise, you can proceed with the next step.

How to use expanded Text Advertisements

Back to setting up your RSA!

For the first field, you need to add your final URL. This is the page people will land on after clicking your ad.

Input the Final URL of your webpage for your Google Advertisement

Display Path

You can also specify the display path. This will be the URL that appears under your ad. Although this is only optional, you can use it to give customers an idea of what the webpage is all about when they click the ad.

You can often make your page seem more relevant to the search query they’re using.

Add the display path to your RSA


Next are the headlines of your ad. Headlines serve as the title of your ad and they generally appear on top. Google Ads allow you to enter up to 15 headlines (minimum of 3 headlines) and each headline can contain up to 30 characters only.

Make sure to add unique headlines with relevant keywords to improve your ad’s performance.

Adding 3 to 15 headlines to your Google RSA


Once you’re done with the headlines, enter the descriptions of your ad. Descriptions appear below your headlines and can be up to 90 characters. You can input up to 4 descriptions (minimum requirement of 2 descriptions).

Adding 2 to 4 descriptions to your Google RSA

Pinning Headlines & Descriptions

If you add the Headlines and Descriptions as described above, Google will combine them in every possible way.

But if you want to always include a specific headline, for example, you can pin it to a specific position.

pinning headlines responsive search ads

For headlines, you can pick between unpinned, position 1-2, or 3.

pinning headlines in position 1-2-3 responsive search ads

The same is true for the descriptions. You can, for example, show a description as a disclaimer for every ad by pinning it to position 2.

pinning descriptions responsive search ads position 1 2

Note: One thing to be aware of is that by pinning headlines or descriptions, you limit the number of combinations Google can make, which might impact performance.

Ad strength

The Ad strength score indicates how effective your ad will be.

You can use this as an indicator to identify what might be missing from your RSA.

While high Ad strength doesn’t automatically mean it’s a great ad, an ad with poor ad strength might hold you back.

You might have problems saving your ad if the quality is Poor. It’s a common problem that you can solve by just adding better keywords, more headlines, and some variation with your phrasing.

Responsive Search Ads ad strength
Check your RSA ad strength score to determine the effectiveness of your advertisement

When you are done typing all the inputs, finalize your ad by clicking the Save Ad button.

How to Optimize Your Responsive Search Ads

If you think your work is done after you give Google a couple of headlines and descriptions, think again!

There are a few best practices you should follow to improve your campaign’s ads.

Provide enough assets

Google allows you to provide up to 15 headlines and 4 descriptions. While you don’t NEED to add 15, get creative in adding a few less obvious headlines in there so that Google can generate as many variations of your ad as possible.

Write distinct but relevant headers and descriptions

Up to 3 headlines will show up together. So if every Headline is a slight variation of one another, there is going to be a lot of duplication in your ad.

So make sure that different headlines complement one another.

The description field is your hook

Use the description fields to emphasize important messages such as special offers and call to action (CTA). Doing so can significantly improve the click-through rate of your ads.

Hook your potential customers in with an attractive offer, a sense of urgency, or by talking about a common problem you can solve.

Use Google’s Ad Strength tool

When creating an RSA, refer to the Ad strength tool to gauge how strong your ad is. With this feature, you also get to see Google’s recommendations on how you can further improve your ad. Try to reach a good or excellent strength score to boost the CTR.

When you’re done crafting a strong Google Ad campaign, it’s time to look at the asset details and see how each element performs.

Ad level Asset Details

The Asset details report will give you a better idea of how the different assets in your ad are performing.

In this report, you’ll be able to see the performance of each headline and description.

To see this report, click on “View asset details” below all your responsive search ads.

RSA view asset details

That will bring you to the following report:

RSA Level Asset details

Here’s a table that you can use as a guide to reading your RSA’s performance.

Asset performance rating Description
Pending These assets have no performance information yet.
Learning Performance information is still being collected.
Low The lowest-performing rating. Replace this asset with something more optimal to improve ad performance.
Good This asset is doing great, better than your other assets. You can either keep this asset or edit it a bit to improve the performance of your ad.
Best This rating is the best one, signifying that this asset should be your role model. Try and emulate the same style from this asset to your other ads for a better ad performance.
“–” (Unrated) A double dash means that this asset won’t be given a performance rating. This happens when there aren’t enough similar assets to compare it with or if the asset isn’t active enough to get traffic for a performance rating.

So if you find that any assets have a Low or Good rating, try coming up with alternatives to hit that “Best” rating across the board.

Figure out The Best Combinations

Besides getting details on your individual assets, this report will give you very brief information on the combinations of those assets.

Combination Level details responsive search ads

You can look through the phrasing and keywords that get the most impressions.

The main use case for this report is to stop things that aren’t right.

I had a client for example where his top ads all had “Up To 70% Off” as the first headline. This wasn’t ideal from a branding perspective.

Take Advantage of Google Suggestions

When you’re adding headlines or descriptions to an existing ad, Google will make suggestions.

Use Google’s suggestions as inspiration for your headlines and descriptions

Google also provides suggestions for descriptions.

Google provides suggestions for your RSA descriptions

Never add these blindly to your campaigns.

But you can add them and then slightly rewrite them to make them fit your tone of voice.

Cross-campaign Asset Report

The Cross-campaign asset reports show you how assets perform across different ad groups or campaigns!

Cross-campaign asset report

You will only see data in this cross-campaign report if you have active ads that have had impressions in the last 30 days. It uses a similar performance rating for Ad Level Asset details but it has a little extra information.

asset performance rating

For each of your headlines and assets, you’ll be able to see the breakdown of how they perform.

Beware that you typically need around 5,000 impressions over 30 days before your ads receive a rating in the Performance column.

Use a Google Ad Extensions

While technically not just related to responsive search ads, my last optimization tip is related to Google Ad extensions.

They are an essential part of your Search Ads, so make sure you add all different variations to ensure the best possible CTR.

Uploading responsive search ads with Google Ads Editor

If you only need to create a few ads, it’s probably the fastest to do that in the interface.

And if you want to create slight variations of each ad, you can use the Google Ads Editor, to quickly make bulk changes.

But some people prefer even more flexibility and want to write their ads in a spreadsheet and then import everything into Google Ads Editor.

If that’s you, grab a copy of our responsive Search Ads template.

Once you are ready with your spreadsheet, open the Google Ads Editor:

Google Advertisement Editor

On the left panel, you should see all the campaigns and ad groups you have created in your Google Ads account.

Select the desired campaign and Ad group where you want the RSAs to be uploaded.

google editor ad group

The next step is to indicate the type of ad to upload. From the lower-left panel of the interface, you will see the Manage section. Here, click the Ads drop-down button and select Responsive search ads.

Open the drop-down menu and look for the RSA option

Upon clicking, all your recently-created RSAs should appear on the main panel. Click the Make multiple changes button to display the window needed to import your RSAs.

Look for and click on the Make Multiple Changes button to import your RSAs

At this point, you should see the Make multiple changes form already.

You should see a “Make multiple changes” window

Next, open the spreadsheet that contains the details of your RSAs and copy the entire sheet including the headings. Paste the data into the grid provided on the Make multiple changes form.

Paste the RSA data from your spreadsheet to the grid on the Make multiple changes form

Click the Process button located just below the grid to import the data. You’ll be given a preview of the changes you have made. Proceed by clicking the Finish and review changes button.

Finish and review changes button to completely import the RSA data

Finalize your changes by clicking the Keep button located on top of the list of RSAs.

Finalize the changes by pressing the Keep button

Since Google Ads Editor works offline, the last step to upload your RSAs into your Google Ads account is to post your changes. To do so, click the Post button on the upper right corner of the interface.

Post your RSAs to your Google account by clicking on the Post button

That’s all you need to do to upload multiple RSAs. However, it is recommended that you still view each of them on Google Ads to view their Ad strength score. This will allow you to make necessary adjustments to improve the score if necessary.

Responsive Search Ads vs. Dynamic Search Ads

When learning about responsive search ads, people often confuse them with dynamic search ads (DSAs).

Although both of them are dynamically generated, they work pretty differently!

In the case of DSAs, Google automatically generates a headline for an ad based on your website’s content and the search queries of users. You will still have to write the description texts through.

Preview of RSA descriptions

But the biggest difference between these two ad types is actually the targeting.

With Dynamic Search Ads, you don’t need to provide any keywords. Google will automatically match search queries with the URLs from the site it is targeting.

Responsive Search Ads work in the normal way, through keywords that you provide.


Whether we like it or not, responsive search ads will soon be the only option when creating Google Search Ads.

Although there are a lot of downsides, we’ll have to find ways to use the automation to our benefit, instead of complaining about it.

So I hope the tips and tricks in this article showed you that it’s not simply about adding headlines and descriptions and hoping for the best.

If you understand better how to create and optimize your responsive search ads, you can have more confidence that Google’s magic will work!

About the author


Dennis is the founder of Store Growers. He's an ecommerce PPC expert from Belgium and has been running Google Ads campaigns for over 8 years.

His goal is to cut through the BS when it comes to ecommerce advice and provide you with tactics and strategies that will make you more money.

Read more

3 responses to “How To Use Responsive Search Ads Effectively

  1. Responsive Search Ads perform best with more headlines & descriptions. You can pin headlines & descriptions to specific positions in Responsive Search Ads.

  2. Hi Dennis,

    Great article. Thanks for sharing your insights! I also read your article on using IBAGS instead of SKAGS. Do you have any plans to write an article on the best way to organize Responsive Search Ads and how to structure a landing page. Do you think that IBAGS will no longer be necessary with the move toward RSA? Thanks!

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